One may wonder what the relation is between SOPRA, a new renewable energy source that produce sustainable electrical energy, and Malaria, a Mosquito-borne disease. In fact there is no technical relationship that bind them. However, from my personal experiences, there is a strong relationship between the lack of electricity and the growth of Mosquito. The most affected area by malaria in Africa is Sub-Saharan Africa (90%) and a further fact is that approximately 70 % of the populations in this region don’t have access to electricity.
Malaria and Africa
According to World Health Organization (WHO); the African Region represents 85% of malaria cases and 90% of malaria deaths worldwide. Statistics from Bill & Melinda Gates foundation and a partnership for Malaria prevention in Africa show there are estimation of 207 million of malaria cases around the world every year. If 85% of this number in Africa as WHO said, it means that there is approximately 176 million of malaria cases in Africa yearly. This costs African countries 12 billions of dollars annually. The result is that Malaria is one of the obstacles to the development.
To prevent the disease, the most effective manner used today in Africa is the use of insecticide-treated nets that significantly reduce the chances of being bitten by a mosquito [Develop Africa], but many people don’t have these kinds of nets. In addition, it is a partial solution that can be used at night. In other words, this approach is not going to eliminate Malaria as achieved in the most of Western Europe since 1930.
Mosquitos use the blood (iron and protein) to make their eggs, which is costly and deadly. Where, every 30 second a child dies due to Malaria. It is also observed that the malaria parasite has begun to resist insecticides and drugs that currently used; Mosquito change its tools. Human beings also need to change the tools that currently used to at least to reduce the number of Malaria victims.
SOPRA as Sustainable Solution
SOPRA system as environmentally-friendly energy source can assist to reduce the number of Malaria cases. Via this system we can have a community with access to improved water supply and sanitation. Why water supply and sanitation specifically? Without exaggeration in Africa these are main sources of Mosquitoes and consequently Malaria. Because of the absence of environmental and health awareness in the rural area and indeed the absence of infrastructure, they waste the dirty water not by channeling it into the sewer, but by wasting it in the surrounding environment, this place became later the best place for Mosquitoes to live and make its age. Processed drinking water that have been provided by sustainable and reliable energy sources can lead to healthy community.
In Savannah’s arears of Sudan it is difficult to sleep outdoor in the autumn’s season (the risk of being bitten by Mosquito is high), at the same time it is difficult to sleep indoor without cooling system, due to the average temperature of 35 C and in this case SOPRA can provide uninterrupted power supply to cool the house down, to avoid mosquito bites.
The people who are living in the cities they use fans (moving the air) to repel the mosquito.
As mentioned in Annual Lecture on Malaria and Human Rights, by Professor Paul Hunt, UN: Six out of eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) cannot be achieved without tackling malaria. Even though, MDGs are international community’s commitment, which are not easy to achieve. However by having Renewable energy source such as SOPRA can assist to reduce the risk of being bitten by mosquitoes and drying its breeding places. The result is a healthy society plus good economic status.